Social vulnerability is the degree to which a community exhibits certain social conditions that may affect its ability to prevent human suffering and financial loss in the event of natural disaster, man-made ecological disaster or disease outbreak like the current pandemic. It examines different theories of social vulnerabilities as well as the historical, geographical, social, and cultural factors and conditions that put people differentially at risk before, during, and after disasters. Consequently, policies aimed at addressing risk and vulnerability must also take into account these differential impacts and outcomes of disasters. Social vulnerability (SV) analyzes differences in human capacity to prepare, respond and recover from the impact of a natural hazard. Although the sources of vulnerability are multiple and quite diverse, some of the most important factors that affect vulnerability include population growth and distribution and social diversity. Cutter et al. It varies over space and time,… The purpose of this study is to examine and compare the methodologies being developed in assessing social vulnerability to natural disasters. Brenda D. Phillips, Ph.D., is the Associate Dean and Full Professor of Sociology at Ohio University-Chillicothe. “Social vulnerability highlights differences in the human capacity to prepare for, respond to, and recover from disasters. Koks et al. From hazard exposure to disaster recovery, these disparities will inevitably have consequences for already marginalized groups. Social vulnerability to disaster is a function of everyday inequalities that are built into planning policy, practice, and implementation. (2015) combined disaster, exposure, and social vulnerability to explain the social vulnerability to flooding disasters in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Reducing social vulnerability can decrease both human suffering and economic loss. She is the author of Mennonite Disaster Service and an editor on Social Vulnerability to Disasters (CRC Press). Such stresses include natural or human-caused disasters, or disease outbreaks. Socially vulnerable populations are less likely to bounce back from natural or manmade disasters, disease outbreaks, or other public health emergencies. Social Vulnerability to Disasters | Thomas, Deborah S.K. Social vulnerability is defined as “the susceptibility of groups to the impacts of hazards, as well as their resiliency, or ability to adequately recover from them” (Cutter and Emrich, 2006, p. 103). The study of vulnerability constitutes a central axis in research work on sustainability. Although disasters threaten all the people who suffer from them, they do not affect all members of society in the same way. In 2013, she was inducted into the International Network of Women in Emergency Management‘s Hall of Fame. By means of a multi-disciplinary approach, this course introduces students to an understanding of hazards and disasters grounded in social vulnerability analysis. More specifically, social vulnerability plays an important role in the outcomes of community and individual post-disaster needs. describe social vulnerability as a combination of social inequalities and place inequalities. Social vulnerability refers to the potential negative effects on communities caused by external stresses on human health. ; Phillips, Brenda D.; Lovekamp, William E.; Fothergill, Alice | download | B–OK. In the case of disasters, the reduction of social vulnerability (SV) is a central element of risk management or reduction and has been identified as the most important prerequisite for the resilience Some of that research now feeds the CDC Social Vulnerability Index (CDC SVI), a database of factors which can contribute to the social vulnerability of communities in the United States. 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